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20 FROM THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) TO THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGS) In September 2000, the 189 member countries of the United Nations signed a global alliance that materialized in the establishment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Among the goals set were to eradicate extreme poverty and world hunger, achieve universal primary education, ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for development. This alliance came to an end in 2015 and despite the efforts and advances, the achievement of the goals was uneven. The 15 years of work on the MDGs revealed major difficulties for their achievement, such as: the importance of identifying sources of funding, the establishment of appropriate indicators to measure progress, and the lack of clarity about the role of certain actors in achieving the agenda, such as civil society and the private sector. With these lessons learned, in January 2012, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, established a task force to support the preparation of the Post-2015 Agenda. This team brought together more than 60 institutions and agencies of the United Nations family and other international organizations. The conclusions of this work were presented in June 2012 at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio + 20), one of the most important global meetings on sustainable development of our time, under the theme “The future we want“. From then on, the


Responsible Tourism_2017
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