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Responsible Tourism_2017

ate he on es nd her nd es ng ow tor nd 16 TOURISM IN SPAIN A key factor for economic and social development Spain is one of the main tourist destinations in the world. It ranks third worldwide in terms of revenue generated by tourism, and is number one in Europe, with 51 billion euros (57 billion US dollars) in 2015. It is also the number three destination in the world in terms of the number of tourist arrivals with 68 million overnight visitors in the country in 2015. For decades Spain has managed to remain in the ranking of the top five global destinations in terms of both receipts and arrivals. The main source market of tourists to Spain is Europe (predominantly tourists from Britain, France and Germany), followed by the Latin American and Asian markets.5 The contribution of the tourism sector to Spanish GDP is 10.9% according to the latest official data of 2014, representing 113.690 billion euros.6 In addition, tourism is a source of employment for 5 UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, Volume 14, (Madrid: UNWTO, May 2016). 6 C uenta Satélite del Turismo (CSTE) (Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 2016). 13% of the population in Spain,7 which exceeds the average r of employment in the sector worldwide. To give an idea of the numbers, the annual average of t number of workers in the tourism sector in 2015 was 2.3 milli people, up 5.4% over the previous year. The tourism branch with the highest volume of workers employed are food a beverage service (50% of the total employed in tourism), ot tourism activities (23.8%), accommodation services (14.8%) a passenger transport (11.4%). Jobs in the tourism sector are very diverse and sometim serve as a gateway to the labour market, in particular for you people, who can then develop their career in this field. We kn for example that in Spain, 8.4% of those employed in the sec have primary education, 63.1% have secondary education a 28.5% university education. In the tourism sector, women traditionally constitute a lar 7 E ncuesta de Población Activa (EPA) (Madrid: Instituto Nacional Estadísti 2015) ge ca,


Responsible Tourism_2017
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