11 THE TOURISM SECTOR AND THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS Tourism. A factor for growth and development recognition of the right to holidays in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights4, the improved adoption of labour rights in many countries and the growing middle class worldwide. Furthermore, in recent decades the emergence of new technologies applied to tourism and the decline in the price of transport, especially air transport, have led to an increase in international travel. It is estimated that tourism today accounts for 10% of global GDP (direct, indirect and induced impacts) and 7% of exports. This economic activity results in substantial benefits for local communities, with the sector accounting for 1 in 11 jobs worldwide. These figures represent immense opportunities for economic growth and development, but at the same time present great challenges and responsibilities. 4 A rticle 24, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Paris: United Nations, December 1948) Like any activity, tourism has powerful effects on the economy, society and environment in generating countries and especially in the receiving countries. In addition to the socioeconomic impact of tourism, the sector, if managed sustainably, can be a factor for environmental preservation, promotion and cultural appreciation and understanding among peoples. It is therefore essential for all actors, including companies operating in the sector, to be aware of opportunities and responsibilities alike, and to act accordingly so that their actions leave a positive mark on the society in which they operate and ensure the sustainability of the destination and their businesses.
To see the actual publication please follow the link above